Electricity Claims

Jacobson et al. claim that all electrical generation and consumption in New York State can be converted to Wind, Water, and Solar (WWS) methods by 2030. This claim is based on several supporting claims.

  • There exists sufficient wind capacity to generate 50% of NYS electrical energy¬†using both on- and off-shore wind systems.
  • There exists sufficient solar capacity to generate 38% of NYS electrical energy using rooftop and concentrated solar systems.
  • New construction under this plan will only occupy 2.42% of the land area of NYS.
  • By 2015, overall end-use electricity efficiency will increase by 15% in NYS.
  • The total energy consumption of NYS will decrease by 37% via implementation of this system.
Energy technology Rated power of one plant or device (MW) Percent of 2030 power demand met by plant/device Number of plants or devices needed for NYS
Onshore wind 5 10 4020
Offshore wind 5 40 12,700
Wave device 0.75 0.5 1910
Geothermal plant 100 5 36
Hydroelectric plant 1300 5.5 6.6
Tidal turbine 1 1 2600
Res. roof PV 0.005 6 4.97 million
Com/gov roof PV 0.10 12 0.497 million
Solar PV plant 50 10 828
CSP plant 100 10 387
Energy technology Footprint area (percent of NYS land area) Spacing area (percent of NYS land area
Onshore wind 0.000041 1.46
Offshore wind 0.00013 4.62
Wave device 0.00082 0.039
Geothermal plant 0.010 0
Hydroelectric plant 3.50 0
Tidal turbine 0.00061 0.0095
Res. roof PV 0.15 0
Com/gov roof PV 0.30 0
Solar PV plant 0.25 0
CSP plant 0.60 0
Total 4.82 6.13
Total new land required 0.96 1.46

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